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Lula and Dilma multiplied investments in defense by ten and created programs to support the national defense industry. Two initiatives were decisive in changing the sad images of the past. First, the opening of new markets through Brazilian diplomacy has attracted the interest of the armed forces of other countries; so exports in the defense sector grew 13 times. Second, the Brazilian government itself has become customer of these companies emerging from the deadlock situation of the 1990s and early 21st century.
Brazil was one of the countries that had the most growth in the last decade, so it needs a military capability to deter (discourage), if necessary, those who might try to seize our assets such as our oil in the pre-salt, fresh water, hydroelectric power, food production etc. For this reason, Brazil increased defense investments tenfold: from R $ 900 million in 2003 to R $ 8.9 billion in 2013.
Lula and Dilma took the defense industry out of stagnation. In addition to encouraging research and stimulate exports - due to the opening of new markets for Brazilian diplomacy - the Government has become a preferred customer of the domestic industry. Equipment purchases, like military trucks, aircraft, radar, flight simulators, unmanned aerial vehicles, among many others, help sustain the 190 companies that provide 30,000 direct, and 120,000 indirect jobs, and sell US$ 4 billion annually, half of it in exports.
Direct support programs were created and the federal government began to share the risks of research with the companies. The Innova program, the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation, selects projects that qualify for funding. From 2006 to 2010, 872 projects received R$ 2.150 billion. In January 2014, in a new stage of the program, 91 more projects were selected to divide R$ 2.9 billion in funding available. Dilma decided to increase the amount of funding to R $ 8.680 billion. Before Lula and Dilma, none of this existed.
The government chose to modernize the Air Force with 36 Grippen jets because its manufacturer, Saab, has agreed to make a completetechnology transfer. Link technology transfer shopping is a way to keep up to date with what is most advanced in the world. This has happened before in the purchase of transport and patrol aircraft..
The Navy, Army and Air Force, coordinated by the Joint Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces (EMCFA), joined forces to monitor and patrol the length of the Brazilian border, both in temporary operations as well as in permanent intelligence operations. Actions, specific and overt, range from the surveillance of airspace to patrol and inspection operations on the main rivers and roads that provide access to the country. The integrated operations of the armed forces - with the support of law enforcement agencies such as the Federal Police and the National Force - also includes medical and dental assistance to the villages and towns isolated communities.
Are the armed forces are now under the control of the public, like other institutions, or do they remain as a body apart?
The armed forces are hierarchical and disciplined. The creations of the Joint Staff of the Armed Forces the Lula government in 2010 and the General Secretariat of the Ministry of Defense by the Dilma government in 2013 increased the powers of the Ministry of Defense, which has taken on a leadership role in the military and other civilian area. Both report directly to the Ministers of State, strengthening civilian control and Brazilian democracy.