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Política Externa

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The discovery of Africa by Brazil

The Brazilian diplomatic agenda in Africa today reflects the importance of the continent to the identity of our country  Photo: Ricardo Stuckert / PR

The latest Brazilian diplomatic victory came at the United Nations General Assembly in December 2013. President Dilma and German Prime Minister Angela Merckel, forwarded to the UN a draft resolution The Right to Privacy in the Digital Age - a response the revelation that US agencies had practiced electronic espionage against several heads of state, including Dilma and Merkel, and also against citizens and companies from various countries.

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Under the Lula and Dilma governments Brazil’s presence began to be felt in international organizations more than it had ever been, and is characterized by the permanent protection of the interests of the poor, as evidenced by the performances of José Graziano da Silva, Director-General of the Organization United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO); Paul Vanucchi, one of three elected members of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights of the Organization of American States (OAS); and Roberto Azevedo, director general of the World Trade Organization (WTO).

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Brazil becomes reference for Africa, Latin America and emerging countries

The formation of an economic and political bloc with the BRICS characteristics has been part of the Lula government’s program since the 2002 elections. Since then, the Foreign Ministry has been acting to create what was just an acronym created by the chief economist of Goldman Sachs, Jim O'Neil.

The group, initially only BRIC (without the participation of South African), gained prominence with the global crisis, when, in addition to representing 65% of global GDP growth, began to present new proposals and solutions to old problems of the world economy.undial.

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The five emerging countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) that had the highest rates of growth in the last decade, the BRICS have gained increasing influence in the world economy and politics. The consequences of the economic crisis in the US and Europe certainly contributed to this, but the joint, constant dialogue, and the 500% increase in trade between the five countries have enhanced this growth in power.

Together, Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa account for 43% of world population and almost 30% of global GDP.

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The BRIC Bank is an alternative to the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank

In 2006 to contribute to the reduction of hunger, Brazil started a technology transfer program in the food production area. The Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa) installed its research center in Ghana, where 42 projects are being developed.  Besides training farmers and agricultural technicians, Embrapa is adapting the seeds and techniques used in the cerrado to the African savannah.

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