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With Lula and Dilma, defense spending increased tenfold: from R$ 900 million in 2003 to R$ 8.9 billion in 2013. But more than that, with Lula and Dilma, Brazil achieved for the first time a defense policy equal to the country's role on the world stage.
Formulated by the Lula government and continued by the Dilma government, National Defense Policy assumes that Brazil is peaceful, but is not helpless. Brazil must ensure our sovereignty, our territorial integrity and our wealth, as for example, the immense wealth of the pre-salt, the Amazon and the largest fresh water reserves in the world.
Therefore, it is necessary for Brazil to have armed forces that are well paid and well equipped, which led the governments of the PT to invest increasingly in rewarding the personnel and the defense industry with a training program that meets the needs of the country.
"It is unwise to imagine that a country with Brazil's potential does not face antagonism to pursue its legitimate interests," says the text of the National Defense Policy, approved by Congress in 2013.
"The defense of the country is inseparable from its development," says the text of the National Defense Policy. So for the past 12 years, in addition to modernizing the armed forces, the government has invested in the consolidation of an autonomous defense industry, with the development of technologies under national ownership.
The conviction of PT governments is that at sea, on land or in the air, Brazil must be ready to deter or discourage threats or aggression from any quarter of the globe. Hence the importance of investments in strategic projects, such as the Guarani armored car, the Border Monitoring System (Sisfron), which uses radar, communications systems and unmanned aerial vehicles, and the Blue Amazon Management System (SisGAAz), the KC-390 transport aircraft and the Submarine Development Program (Prosub), placing Brazil among the select group of countries capable of building nuclear-powered submarines.
The Defense Minister Celso Amorim, talks about the first Brazilian nuclear submarine:
The acquisition of 36 Gripen NG, manufactured in Sweden and using Swedish technology, follows the consolidation guidance of our defense industry: domestic companies will be responsible for 40% of the development and 100% of the final assembly of the aircraft, with full technology transfer.
With Russia, Brazil has established a partnership in air defense sector: five batteries of anti-aircraft missiles were acquired, also with transfer of technology. The equipment will be used by the Army, the Navy and the Air Force.
"Brazil has no enemies, but we can not rule out the possibility of being involved (albeit over their heads) in military disputes, is to defend an action that has targeted our resources, even in terms of conflicts between third parties that may affect us, "said Defense Minister Celso Amorim.
"The advancement of the Brazilian defense industry is vital to ensure autonomy in a vital area for our society to live peacefully. Both in public security at major events, such as to protecting us in possible conflicts, or even in the peacekeeping missions in which Brazil participates," he adds.
While preparing as ever for the defense of our sovereignty and our resources, Brazil is stronger and better prepared for peace. In addition to deterrence, Brazilian defense policy is based on a military cooperation strategy with countries in South America and Africa.
For Lula and Dilma governments, the complement of a peaceful foreign policy is a robust defense policy. The construction of an increasingly peaceful country involves also be increasingly prepared to defend its sovereignty.