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Considered by Lula and Dilma a basic social right of all citizens, sanitation is one of the federal government's priorities due to its importance in disease prevention and ensuring more health for the population. But sanitation goes beyond the treatment of sewage; it also involves treated water, rainwater drainage and solid waste disposal.
In the government prior to Lula's, the largest federal budget for freed up and committed sanitation was only R$ 2.8 billion, in 2001. From 2003 onwards, the budget only got bigger: it went to nearly R$ 9 billion committed in 2012, not counting investments released via financing.
Between 2007 and 2009, 3,313 PAC sanitation projects were contracted totaling investments of R$ 24.8 billion, which were to benefit 7.6 million families in 1,923 municipalities in 26 Brazilian states and the Federal District. Of these projects, 1,130 were completed by April 2014.
By the first half of 2014, the PAC 2 program selected 4,635 projects, of which 54% are already contracted. They consist of R$ 25.2 billion in sewage works, solid waste management and integrated sanitation, that will serve 3,613 municipalities in Brazil. Of these projects, 46% are in the construction phase.
With regard to paving and road qualification, 280 municipalities and five states have contracted projects through the PAC 2, totaling R$ 6.5 billion in investments. In 2013, 1,222 projects were selected in some 1,000 municipalities in Brazil, totaling R$ 13.2 billion in investments in the improvement and qualification of urban streets and access.
Since 2007, the PAC program selected hundreds of drainage and containment wall projects to reduce the risk in areas that suffer from a history of landslides and floods.
The first selection of drainage projects, carried out between 2007 and 2009, involved investments of R$ 5.3 billion in 211 projects, benefitting 114 municipalities in 18 states. An average of 62% are being executed. In the selection of 2011, for the same type of undertakings, 132 projects were contracted out, with a total investment of R$ 3.7 billion in 114 municipalities in 18 states, with an average execution of 86%. The works in the mountainous region of Rio de Janeiro, for example, began in the first half of 2013 and represent an investment of R$ 521.2 million in the cities of Nova Friburgo, Petrópolis and Teresópolis.
In 2011, the PAC 2 program selected the first hillside retaining wall projects. A total of 109 projects were selected, which will benefit 68 municipalities in ten states, with investments of R$ 583 million. Of these projects, 98% are underway. In 2012 and 2013, the Risk Management Plan selected 39 more retaining wall projects, which will have R$1.7 billion in funding distributed between 41 cities in six states.
Another important PAC action is urbanization of risk areas. Between 2007 and 2009, 3,151 projects were contracted, totaling R$ 20.5 billion, to help these areas. By December 2013, 1,410 of them were already completed. As of 2011, now in the second stage of the PAC, another 432 urbanization activities were contracted, ensuring R$ 12.6 billion in investments that will benefit 590,000 families in 345 municipalities in 26 states.
Vila São José in Belo Horizonte (MG), for example, used to suffer from constant flooding. The population lived in shacks and was served by rough dirt roads. With the urbanization project, whose first stage was completed in 2012, 1,408 apartments were delivered, with sports courts, paved roads and sanitation, benefiting about 12,500 families. The goal is to complete the entire project by 2015 and benefit, in all, 16,400 families.
In addition to Vila São José, other urban development projects have been completed in major Brazilian cities, such as Complexo do Alemão and Colônia Juliano Moreira, in Rio de Janeiro, Heliópolis in São Paulo, Via Mangue in Recife, and Ribeirão Arrudas in Belo Horizonte.
As of 2011, the second stage of the PAC also started to invest in areas such as health, education, sports, culture and leisure. By 2013, the program contracted the construction or expansion of 15,095 Basic Health Units, with investments of R$ 3.8 billion, which will serve 4,225 municipalities in all Brazilian states. Of these, 10,759 are in being built and 2,432 have been concluded. Also contracted were 495 new Emergency Care Units (24-hour UPAs) involving an investment of R$ 1 billion.
The earlier a child is stimulated and educated, the more chances it has to become a successful adult. Thinking about this, in 2007 the Lula government created Proinfância, the National Program for Restructuring and Equipment Acquisition for the Early Childhood Education Public School Network, which as of 2011 the Dilma government included in PAC 2.
By May 2014, Lula and Dilma had contracted to build 8,579 day care centers and pre-schools, of which 2,056 were completed. PAC 2 alone contracted 6,036 units to serve 2,702 municipalities in all states. The investment was R$ 6.6 billion. Of these, 30% are in the construction phase and 592 were completed.
PAC 2 also promotes the construction of school sports fields for physical activity, recreation and integration of students. Some 9,492 projects were contracted works in 3,238 municipalities in 26 states and the Federal District, totaling R$ 3.1 billion in investments. About 5 million students will benefit.
The second stage of the program also created two types of projects especially focused on areas of social vulnerability in Brazilian cities: the Arts Centers and Unified Sports Centers (Ceus) and the Sports Initiation Centers (CIEs).
The purpose of Ceus is to foster citizenship in their areas, in appreciation of diverse artistic expressions. They will contain libraries, sports courts, movies theaters, telecenters and exhibition spaces, violence prevention and digital inclusion policies, and Reference Centers for Social Assistance (CRASs) equipped with training space focused on the labor market. By April 2014, 348 units were contracted in 318 municipalities in all states of Brazil. Of contracted projects, 92% are in the construction phase and 8% have been completed.
The Sports Initiation Centers are part of the sports infrastructure legacy of the 2016 Olympic Games. A total of 285 units in 263 municipalities were selected in all regions of Brazil, representing a R$ 967 million investment. The CIEs encourage the practice of sports in socially vulnerable areas and offer equipment for talent identification and athlete training. They are equipped to help develop up to 13 Olympic and six Paralympic sports.
High performance sports and recreation for those in need
To learn more about the CIEs:: http://www.pac.gov.br/i/95843bd0
Launched in 2013 as part of the PAC 2, the PAC Historical Cities program will invest R$ 1.6 billion in recovery of monuments and urban sites in 44 Brazilian historical cities. No less than 425 monuments will be restored, such as the Municipal Market of Porto Alegre (RS), the Catedral Basílica of Salvador (BA) and the Monastery of São Bento in Olinda (PE).
In order to improve the quality of management and public services, the PAC 2 program created the Digital Cities project. The action will invest R$ 201.7 million in the digital inclusion of 262 municipalities selected in 2013 through the installation of networks, systems and public Internet access points.