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"The poor will go to college. And the door is Enem." With this determination, President Lula transformed the National Middle School Exam — previously an instrument for assessing the quality of education — into the passport for entry of young people into higher education through the Unified Selection System (Sisu).
An alternative to college entrance examinations, Sisu made access to higher education a democratic process: 95% of federal universities use the Sisu grading results as a selection mechanism. The exam is also a criterion for entry into ProUni (scholarship distribution program for private colleges), access to Fies financing and a Science without Borders scholarship for entering exchange programs at top foreign universities. In 2014, 8.7 million youths registered to take the Enem exam.
Created in 2004, the National System of Higher Education Assessment (Sinaes) analyzes the quality of institutions and courses in addition to student performance. One of Sinaes’ main tools is the National Student Performance Examination (Enade), which evaluates first and last year students of the courses. Enade, together with the assessment of institutions regarding faculty, infrastructure and pedagogical programs, helps design frameworks to define actions to improve courses.