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One of the signs that the culture has come to be seen as relevant public policy for the Federal Government is in its growing budget from 2003 to 2013. It has grown more than 780%, going from just over R$ 372.6 million in 2002 to almost R$ 3.27 billion in 2013.
In 2003, as of the first Lula government, through to today, after his second term and after the first Dilma Rousseff administration, it can be said that the Brazilian state has fulfilled its duty to put into practice true cultural public policy. The country's grandeur and cultural complexity was recognized, and new guidelines were put into place. The "over-the-counter deals" policy, which basically encouraged and prioritized tax breaks to promote cultural activities and products, focusing mainly on large producers and the Rio-São Paulo axis, fell by the way. The cultural policy of the new government focused on the making access to cultural goods, equipment, products and services more democratic; on policies of decentralization and regionalization and bringing culture to the hinterlands; and recognition of culture as an important component of the Brazilian economy.
The Culture-Voucher is a monthly benefit of R$ 50 granted to workers earning up to five minimum wages, which must be used exclusively for consumption of cultural products and goods: plays, cinema, museum exhibitions, shows, concerts, circuses, the purchase of CDs, DVDs, books musical instruments, magazines and newspapers. What's more, the benefit may also be used to pay tuition for art, audiovisual, dance, circus, photography, music, literature or theater courses. Companies that offer the benefit to their employees are allowed a deduction of up to 1% of income tax due.
To access the Culture-Voucher, you must be an employee of a company already registered in the program and fit the profile set for the program (workers earning up to five minimum wages). So employees have access to the Culture-Voucher card, the interested company must be accredited on the program's page on the Ministry of Culture's website: http://www.cultura.gov.br/valecultura. In Brazil, 42 million workers earn up to five minimum wages. According to an estimate by the Ministry of Culture, the cultural chain of production could have as much as an additional R$ 25 billion injected into its supply chain.
Yes, it is now in operation. If the company you work for has not yet joined the program, speak to your superiors, your co-workers, and encourage them to join the program.
Culture Points are part of the Living Culture program, created in 2004 by the first Lula government to strengthen the cultural role in Brazilian society, promoting cultural initiatives of groups and communities, expanding access to means of production, circulation and enjoyment of cultural goods and services. It is at the points where the relationship between the state and society takes place. An organized initiative, they form a horizontal network of articulation, reception and dissemination of cultural initiatives. Funding is from the Federal Government and public and private partners, through agreements, scholarships, and prizes awarded through public tenders. In other words, joining the points network is voluntary. Other development lines through the Culture Points are also possible: Reading Points, Little Culture Points, Memory Points, Indigenous Culture Points, Intangible Heritage Registered Asset points. Over the past 10 years, the Living Culture program has invested more than R$ 391 million in 3,920 Culture Points and 160 Large Culture Points throughout the country.
Yes. The federal government in 2014 created the More Culture in Schools program through a partnership between the Ministry of Culture and the Ministry of Education. The goal is to enhance the teaching and learning processes through more democratic access to culture and the integration of creative practices and Brazilian cultural diversity with full-time education. The More Culture in Schools program has received investments of some R$ 100 million in its first stage and each selected project will receive between R$ 20,000 and R$ 22,000 through the School Money Direct Program of the National Education Development Fund for cultural activities in 2014. In the first selection, schools were selected benefiting a million students from all regions of the country.
CEUs are centers that will merge, in a single physical space, cultural programs, sports and leisure activities, training and skills enhancement for the labor market, social assistance services, violence prevention and digital inclusion policies in order to promote citizenship in areas of high social vulnerability in Brazilian cities.