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Educação

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The Lula government greatly increased the funds allocated to basic education and improved its distribution throughout the country, thanks to Fundeb. In force since 2007, the new Fund replaced Fundef, which was limited to grade school education and teacher training only. Fundeb, in turn, is for all basic education — daycare centers, kindergarten, elementary school, middle school and youth and adult education — and values education professionals as a whole.

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The investment of the Lula and Dilma governments in education has grown at all levels. Between 2000 and 2014, total investment as a percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) increased from 4.7% to 6.4% — and will reach 10% in the next ten years, as called for in the National Education Plan, sanctioned in June 2014 by President Dilma.

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• Dilma’s speech about oil royalties for education: 

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"We practically tripled the budget for education. And now we’ll do even more with President Dilma. Through the pre-salt we can to recover the historical debt this country has with education. And I always said that education is the bedrock needed to transform this country."

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Oil will generate R$ 1 trillion for education

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Obtaining an undergraduate or post-graduate degree in one of the best universities in the world is not just a dream for thousands of young people under the Science without Borders program. It is also an opportunity for the development of industry, economy and research in Brazil. The scholarships (which will total 101,000 in four years) are awarded in areas such as engineering, medicine and biomedical sciences, technology and computer science. To participate, a candidate must have a score of more than 600 points in the National Middle School Examination (Enem).

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• Fund guarantees the best financing conditions

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Besides ProUni, low-income students have another alternative to attend a private higher education institution: the Student Financing Fund (Fies). As of 2010, Fies changed for the better, with interest rates reduced to 3.4% per year, increasing the qualifying period to 18 months (starting from the completion of the course) and lengthening the payback period. In three years, the number of students with Fies support increased more than ten times and in 2013 reached 1.6 million — 83% of them from families with income less than one and a half minimum wage per person.

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• ProUni stories told by those whose live were changed by the program

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ProUni
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